چهارمین قطعنامه شورای امنیت علیه ایران تصویب شد
شورای امنیت سازمان ملل شنبه بعد از ظهر به اتفاق آراء قطعنامه دیگری را
تصویب کرده است که ایران را ترغیب می کند بخش های حساس برنامه اتمی اش را
هرچند این قطعنامه برخلاف میل واشنگتن حاوی تحریم های تازه ای علیه ایران
نیست، اما آمریکا آن را به عنوان نشانه اتحاد بین المللی علیه برنامه اتمی
ایران تعبیر کرده است.
قطعنامه 1835 از ایران می خواهد "به طور کامل و بدون معطلی به تعهدات خود
(براساس قطعنامه های مرتبط سازمان ملل) عمل کرده و درخواست های شورای حکام
آژانس بین المللی انرژی اتمی را اجرا کند."
قطعنامه از ایران می خواهد سه قطعنامه پیشین شورای امنیت را هرچه سریعتر
این رای گیری فورا پس از توافق روز جمعه آمریکا و روسیه برای پی گرفتن
تلاش های شورای امنیت در محکومیت برنامه اتمی ایران انجام شد.
زلمی خلیلزاد سفیر آمریکا در سازمان ملل فورا از تصویب این قطعنامه توسط
کلیه 15 عضو شورای امنیت استقبال کرد.
وی گفت "این نشان می دهد که جامعه بین المللی بر سر این موضوع متحد است و
اینکه ایران باید همکاری کند".
منبع: یاهو نیوز از اسوشیتد پرس
UNITED NATIONS - The U.N. Security Council unanimously approved a new resolutionIran for refusing to halt its uranium enrichment program and offering Tehran incentives to do so.
Saturday reaffirming previous sanctions on
The speedy vote followed a compromise between the United States and Russia to lead a new council effort to condemn Iran"s nuclear program, without introducing any new sanctions.
The brief resolution reaffirmed the three earlier Security Council
sanctions resolutions, which imposed progressively tougher sanctions on
Iran for refusing to halt its uranium enrichment program.
U.S. Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad said the council had restated its
call for Iran to comply with the resolutions and cooperate with the
U.N. nuclear watchdog agency, the International Atomic Energy Agency.
"It is unacceptable for Iran to defy the security council resolutions," Khalilzad said.
Iran"s mission to the United Nations immediately condemned the
resolution as "unwarranted and unconstructive," and said Iran remained
determined to exercise "its inalienable right for peaceful uses of nuclear technology."
Council members met behind closed doors earlier Saturday to hammer out the draft resolution.
The resolution was designed to send a signal that "our resolve has
not weakened on this issue, that the discussions among our political
directors about the next steps remain very much there," British Foreign
Secretary David Miliband said.
Even envoys from countries that abstained in votes on the past resolutions said they supported the measure.
"Once a resolution is adopted by the Security Council, it is incumbent upon member states to comply with it," said Indonesia"s U.N. Ambassador Marty Natalegawa.
He said Indonesia would reaffirm the need to comply with past
measures against Iran, although Jakarta did not support them at the
time and abstained on the last sanctions resolution adopted on March 3.
Russian Ambassador Vitaly Churkin noted that the new resolution
restated that the dispute with Iran should be solved through diplomacy.
He said earlier resolutions were carefully crafted to "avoid any
military solution to the problem."
Existing sanctions include an asset freeze on 65 companies and
individuals linked to Iran"s nuclear program, and a travel ban on five
people associated with Tehran"s nuclear and ballistic missile programs.
The sanctions also include bans on Iranian arms exports, supplying
Iran with materials and technology that could contribute to its nuclear
and missile programs, and on trade in goods that have both civilian and
The latest resolution refers to the "dual-track approach" adopted by
the council. This presents Iran with a choice of incentives to stop enriching uranium and, alternatively, threats of new sanctions if it does not comply.
The document also calls on Tehran "to comply fully and without delay, with its obligations" and meet IAEA"s requirements.
The incentives package put forth by the European Union in 2006 promised Iran political and economic assistance, including a pledge to help it fight drug trafficking from Afghanistan.
IAEA chief Mohamed ElBaradei
warned Monday that he cannot determine whether Iran is hiding some
nuclear activities, comments that appeared to reflect a high level of
frustration with stonewalling of his investigators by the Iranians.
Iran insists its nuclear program is purely peaceful and designed to produce nuclear energy, but the U.S. and Europeans suspect Tehran is pursuing nuclear weapons.
The United States, Britain and France had been pressing for a
new round of sanctions to step up pressure against Iran for its
continuing refusal to suspend uranium enrichment as a prelude to talks
on its nuclear program. But Russia and China objected to new sanctions.
Earlier this week, Iran"s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
accused "a few bullying powers" of trying to thwart the country"s
legitimate nuclear program. Ahmadinejad said that Tehran needs the
ability to produce nuclear fuel because it cannot rely on other nations to supply enriched uranium to the Islamic regime"s planned reactors.
Enrichment can turn uranium into the fissile material used in nuclear warheads. But it can also be used to generate power and is allowed under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.